The Antioch Church

by Dr. Samuel Lee   09/10/2000     0 reads


Acts 11:19-13:3

Key Verse 13:3

“So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off.”


1.  Read 11:19-21. How did the gospel spread? What was unusual about the

work of God in Antioch?

2.  Read 11:22-24. Who was Barnabas? (4:36,37; 9:27) Why did he go to

Antioch? How did he build up the church there? Read 11:25-26. Why did he

get Saul? Why did worldly people call them "Christians"? (26)

3.  What was the crisis that occurred throughout the Roman Empire? What did

the disciples in Antioch do? (2Co 8:9; Ac 20:35) In what ways was the

Antioch church well-fitted to be a world mission church?

4.  Read 12:1-19a. What was going on with believers in Jerusalem? How did

God save Peter? What can we learn about prayer?

5.  What happened to Herod? (12:19b-23) What do these events show about

God's sovereign control of history? About the men who were the real leaders

of the world?

6.  Why did the church in Antioch decide to send Barnabas and Saul as

missionaries? Why might it have been hard for them to send these men?

What can we learn from these chapters about God?



Acts 11:19-13:3 Key Verse 13:3

“So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off.”

Today's passage is an introduction to a new section in the Acts of the Apostles. As the church grew and grew, the torch of the gospel spread here and there. Jerusalem could no longer be the strategic headquarters of world evangelization. Antioch, a Gentile city, emerges as the future headquarters of world evangelization. Peter was the central figure of the Christian church thus far. But for the world-wide evangelistic program, his leadership had to be replaced. Paul emerges as the future commander-in-chief for the world-wide evangelistic program. At that time, home mission work in Jerusalem, Judea and Samaria continued. But God's intention was to put on the church the responsibility of evangelizing all peoples of all nations. In short, foreign mission work to Asia and Europe was added to the responsibility of the apostles. Antioch was a Gentile city. In this passage let's learn how the Antioch church was born and how it grew as a missionary-minded church and an exemplary church for all Christian churches to follow.

First, the Antioch church was a Bible-believing church (11:19-21). The trait of the Antioch church was Bible-believing. The gospel work began in Jerusalem, where our Lord was crucified. Next, the first world mission headquarters in Gentile territory was established in Antioch. Later, the headquarters of world evangelization crossed over the Mediterranean Sea and settled in an underground graveyard in Rome. At that time, Antioch was the third greatest city in the Roman world, next to Rome and Alexandria. It was a cosmopolitan city with a beautiful environment. Because of this, it was known for luxurious immorality. It was also famous for chariot-racing and gambling. To put it in modern terms, it was a city of sports run mad, and a city of nightclubs. It is incredible that such a city could be evangelized. Nonetheless, in a city like that, the word of God gained power in the people's hearts, and it took a great stride forward, becoming the first world mission headquarters on Gentile soil.

Those who had been scattered by the persecution in connection with Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus and Antioch, telling the message only to Jews. But among the persons scattered from Cyprus and Cy- rene some spoke the good news about the Lord Jesus to the Gentiles (20).

What happened when the gospel was preached to the Gentiles? First of all, the Lord's hand was with them. God was pleased to see their gospel work among the Gentiles. So God blessed their work. When God blessed their work, a great number of people believed and turned to the Lord. When they heard the good news about Jesus, great numbers of people believed and turned their hearts to God.

How could the people of Antioch, who had formed the habit of enjoying bits and pieces of worldly pleasures, turn their hearts to God? Humanly speaking, it was beyond imagination. In Antioch there were many playboys as in Las Vegas. They must have been fanatics of the three "S's." But when they heard the word from these Christians scattered by the persecution in connection with Stephen, they were touched by the word of life. When they were touched by the word of life, their thirsty souls were quenched. One young man is handsome and artistic. He had formed the habit of enjoying worldly pleasures. In order to quench his thirst, he even traveled to Moscow several times. But when he was touched by the word of God, his delicate and sinful desires were changed into holy desires to know the holiness of God. Likewise, when the people of Antioch were touched by the word of truth, holy desires replaced their sinful desires. When they received the word, the word of God overpowered their vague anxiety about the future and their fear of death; the word of God convinced them and gave them assurance of salvation. Once they were slaves of Satan, but now they were saved from the hand of the enemy Satan; they turned their hearts to God to serve him freely without fear (Lk 1:74,75). From the beginning, the Antioch church was a church where the word of God was taught and practiced.

In the early days of the Korean Church, every Sunday all the Christian people got up early in the morning at 5:00 a.m. and went to church bringing bowls of rice for their lunch and dinner. They had a prayer meeting from 5:30 to 8:00 a.m. They had group Bible study from 10:00 to 11:00 a.m., and then a worship service from 11:00 to 12:30. In the afternoon, they visited the sick and needy, and from 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. they had another Bible study. Probably the Antioch church was even more earnest in studying the word of God.

Second, a man of God, Barnabas (22-26). News of the work of God in Antioch reached the ears of the church at Jerusalem. The church leaders were prayerful about God's work growing here and there. But they were apprehensive about Jewish Christians who were still prejudiced toward Gentile Christians. So the Jerusalem church sent Barnabas to Antioch. They did not send someone who would see all the negative sides of stories, but someone who had a big heart and who would see everything from God's point of view. Barnabas was such a person. Barnabas had sponsored Paul when all men had suspected him (Ac 9:26,27). And he was the one who had offered money for the needy (Ac 4:36,37).

When the church sent Barnabas, it was to see how they could be a help to the Gentile Christians. When we study Christian church history, we find that in most cases the church leaders became jealous when they saw other churches or organizations reviving. They were bent on destroying the growing work of God in other churches. One minister had the largest church in his country. But another church grew 100 times larger than his church. His church was no longer the number one church. Then he formed a church court with his minister friends and condemned his rival minister as a cult leader. After condemning him, he got a stomach ulcer. But Barnabas did not think of his own prestige as a delegate from the Jerusalem church. When he saw the evidence of the grace of God, he was glad and encouraged them all to remain true to the Lord with all their hearts (23). Because of the universal love of God in Barnabas, the believers in Antioch were not crushed but were preserved as future prayer servants for world mission. The author Luke commented on Barnabas in verse 24, "He was a good man, full of the Holy Spirit and faith, and a great number of people were brought to the Lord."

The church grew. Barnabas knew that Antioch had a great number of church members and that they were happy to do anything to please God and to love one another. Still they were spiritual babies who needed to grow in the knowledge of God. What did Barnabas do for them? He went and invited Paul, the outstanding Bible teacher. Barnabas could have made the Antioch believers his own flock of sheep, teaching them by himself. But he humbled himself and invited Paul to teach them better. What a beautiful story! After bringing Paul, Barnabas and Paul met with the church and taught great numbers of people. It's obvious that Paul mainly taught the Bible and rebuked them to repent, while Barnabas counseled and babysat Bible students day and night, serving them with delicious food.

Worldly people saw that those who were studying the Bible day and night were living differently from them. They couldn't understand why they loved God more than money. They couldn't understand why they didn't enjoy sinful pleasures, but studied the Bible day and night. They really didn't understand why they were not selfish, living in this selfish world. They thought these believers were bums. So they nicknamed them "Christians." In Greek, "Christian" means "belonging to Christ." But when worldly people called them "Christians," they meant "cult members of Jesus of Nazareth." Surprisingly the people of Jesus were happy to be called "Christians." They also called themselves "Christians."

Third, the Antioch church had a spirit of giving (27-30). During this time some prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch and predicted that there would be a severe famine in the land. This prediction came true. It happened during the time of Claudius; a severe famine spread over the entire Roman world. So Antioch was also driven to the wall. But the disciples in Antioch decided to provide help for the brothers in Judea before taking care of themselves. This small event proved that they were men and women of God's grace. The Antioch Christians had a spirit of giving. They had the spirit of grace. They were true children of God.

After collecting money, they sent it through Barnabas and Paul. In times of destitution, everyone wants to be selfish. But the disciples in the Antioch church were different; they had a spirit of giving, as they had been taught. The disciples in Antioch knew the deep meaning of God's love, that he gave his one and only Son for the sin of the world. Once Paul said, "For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that you through his poverty might become rich" (2Co 8:9). The Antioch church knew that, "It is more blessed to give than to receive" (Ac 20:35). To give is not losing. According to the Bible, it is the expression of thanksgiving to God. It is the expression of utmost happiness. Those who know how to thank God and give something to others, even a cup of cold water, are truly happy and are remembered by God. Praise and thank God that we have the privilege of giving even a cup of cold water to the needy and thirsty in the name of Jesus Christ.

Fourth, Herod's death (12:1-25). The word of God gained power and the Antioch church had become the headquarters of the Gentile mission. Then the Jews were alarmed. They laid hands of persecution on the apostles. There in Jerusalem, persecution broke out against the church, and especially against its leaders. King Herod arrested Peter and James and some other Christians. He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword (1,2). When he saw that this pleased the Jews, he proceeded to seize Peter also. What did the church members do in this critical moment? The church earnestly prayed to God for him and an angel rescued him from prison (7,8). Then he visited the believers and encouraged them. Here we learn that in the time of persecution, prayer is the potent weapon and in the time of persecution we must deliver the word of God instead of being afraid of persecutors.

What happened to Herod? At that time, King Herod had caused political unrest among the people of Tyre and Sidon by deflecting their trade and not giving a food supply to them as he had promised. In due course, a public session was arranged to settle the matter between Herod and the people of Tyre and Sidon. On the appointed day Herod, wearing his royal robes, sat on his throne and delivered a public address to the people. They shouted, "This is the voice of a god, not of a man." It was only flattery. But Herod enjoyed it. What happened to him? Look at verse 23. "Immediately, because Herod did not give praise to God, an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and died." In this verse, the author Luke is saying that Herod was nothing but worm food; his palace was a den of evildoers. Barnabas and Paul were the true leaders of the world, and the Antioch church was the headquarters of world salvation work.

Fifth, the Antioch church was a missionary-sending church (13:1-3). In the Antioch church, there were some prophets and Bible teachers and many Christians who had studied the Bible: Barnabas, a Jew from Cyprus; Simeon called Niger; Lucius, from Cyrene in North Africa; Manaen, a man who had courtly connections; and Paul, a trained Jewish rabbi. Men from many lands and backgrounds have no way to get together. But these men got together in Jesus, having discovered the secret of the kingdom of God. This togetherness in Christ expanded and multiplied throughout world history, and this togetherness in Christ changed the world. Their unifying factor was their readiness to obey the world mission command. They were missionary-minded; ready to obey the world mission command of Jesus.

One day something unusual happened in Antioch. Look at 13:2. "While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.'" Obviously, they were seeking God's will for the church in prayer. When they sought God earnestly, God revealed his will to them through the Holy Spirit. It was to set apart Barnabas and Paul for world mission work. It was an impossible command for the church to obey. Barnabas and Paul were the pillars of the church. The body of the church was big, but it was too weak to stand on its own two feet. If Barnabas and Paul were sent out as missionaries, there was a possibility that the big church would collapse. The best way for them was to pick some people who were not so important but who could be "sort of" leaders in other places.

But God commanded them to send the best ones, Barnabas and Paul. God's main concern is not about the welfare of one church; rather, he cares for the salvation of the whole world. How did they respond to God's command? Look at verse 3. "So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off." They obeyed the command. They took God's world mission command very seriously. So they fasted and prayed and placed their hands on them and sent them off.

There are two kinds of people who want to be missionaries to a foreign land. One kind thinks that being a missionary means flying to foreign lands in an airplane. The other kind are those who have experienced the grace of forgiveness of sin and who want to proclaim God's salvation to those who do not know the good news of the kingdom of God. We should be the latter kind. We must reach out to 200 nations to proclaim God's grace and salvation through the gospel of Jesus Christ to those who do not know the good news of the kingdom of God.

These days the world mission command of Jesus seems to be too hard to obey. Many people want to be practical. But when we study the Bible prayerfully, we find that God wanted his people Israel to be a light for the Gentiles. When we study the gospels we learn many things, most of all that Jesus raised disciples in order to send them out as missionaries. We must know that the world mission command is an imperative; it is not optional. In this passage we learn that the Antioch church was a Bible-believing church, a giving church, and a missionary-sending church. The Antioch Church was a missionary-minded because they loved God.