by Dr. Samuel Lee   11/17/1995     0 reads



Luke 19:28-48

Key Verse: 19:38

"Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in

  heaven and glory in the highest!"

Study Questions

1. Read as background Zechariah 9:9. How did Jesus fulfill this

prophecy in verses 28-37? How was he different from worldly kings?

What was the purpose of his entry into Jerusalem? Why was this the

"triumphal entry"?

2. As Jesus drew near the suburbs of Jerusalem, what mission did he

give two of his disciples?  What made this mission difficult? What

did he mean by "the Lord needs it"? What does this tell us about

Jesus' Lordship?

3. How did the crowds respond to Jesus when he entered Jerusalem in

this way? Why were they so joyful? How is God glorified by Jesus'

entry into Jerusalem and by his death? What was Jesus teaching about

himself and his kingdom?

4. Why did Jesus tell the unhappy Pharisees that the stones would cry

out? (39-40) Why did Jesus weep? Why would such tragedy come upon

the city?

5. Why was Jesus angry when he entered the temple area? What did he do

and say? What did he mean? How should God's house be used?




Luke 19:28-48

Key Verse: 19:38

"Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in

  heaven and glory in the highest!"

In this passage Jesus enters into Jerusalem triumphantly (28-44). On

arriving, Jesus cleanses the temple (45-48). Through these two events,

Jesus reveals himself as the Messiah of the world in his divine

humbleness. Jesus also reveals that he is the Messiah of the world who

fulfills the world mission purpose of God.

First, Jesus, the humble king (28-34).

"After Jesus had said this, he went on ahead, going up to

Jerusalem." (28) In this verse, "After Jesus had said this" refers to

the previous passages, in which he told his kingship and the parable of

the ten minas. Zechariah 9:9 says, "Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of

Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you,

righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a

colt, the foal of a donkey." In the past, it was customary for a king

to enter his capital city on a white charger, with a splendid

entourage. The king's entry into his capital city was a display of his

power, glory and majesty, so that his subjects all would submit to his

kingly authority without question.  In history, worldly kings were

mostly unrighteous. Many a king levied heavy taxation on his people,

both rich and poor, in order to maintain his magnificent palace. Many a

king destroyed countless numbers of innocent people, just to

demonstrate his own power and kingship.

But our King Jesus is different. According to Zechariah 9:9, Jesus

is a righteous King.  Even though he is the Son of God, Jesus enters

Jerusalem to die on the cross to save men from their sins. Jesus is

also a gentle King. In history, no king was gentle; most kings were

absolutely arrogant and ruthless with the support of their military

power. When Jesus entered Jerusalem, Jesus did not ride on a white

charger, he rode on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. Jesus is

a humble King, so humble that he could be a friend of tax collectors

and all kinds of social outcasts. Jesus is a humble King, so humble

that he was always ready to talk with any kind of person. Jesus even

made time to talk with the self-righteous Pharisees.

Someone said, "Reconciliation is greater than victory." If so,

humbleness must be the greatest quality in humanity. Jesus is the Son

of Almighty God. But Jesus is humble. This may be the reason we like

Jesus so much. A girl student said, "Whenever I study the Bible with

him, my whole body aches because he is so self-righteous." Bearing one

proud person is not an easy thing to do. But Jesus is humble, so humble

that people down through the generations have taken rest in him. (Mt

11:28,29) When we know the humbleness of Jesus we can have peace of

mind and rest of soul. Without knowing the humbleness of Jesus, one

cannot be a spiritual man. Jesus enters Jerusalem to bear all our

transgressions and iniquities on the cross.  Second, Jesus' entry into

Jerusalem was a triumphal entry.

Jesus is the Son of God; so he should have received special

privileges and unlimited glory. But God did not allow him to do so.

Rather, God let him enter Jerusalem so as to become a ransom sacrifice

for the sin of the world. Now, Jesus was going up to Jerusalem to obey

the will of God for world salvation. There, he would be handed over to

the Gentiles like a criminal. They would mock him, insult him, spit on

him, flog him and kill him. On the third day he would rise again. (Lk

18:31-33) It was hard for Jesus to enter Jerusalem to die on the cross.

But there was no deviation. When Jesus was nailed down on the cross, it

seemed that Satan was winning a victory over Jesus. But through his

obedience to the will of God unto death, even death on the cross, Jesus

destroyed the kingdom of Satan completely. This is why we call Jesus'

entry into Jerusalem the triumphal entry.

Third, the Lord needs it.

Jesus, with all-out determination, impelled his steps along the road

to Jerusalem and arrived at the Mount of Olives, which was situated on

the east side of Jerusalem, in between the city and the Kidron Valley

and facing the Jerusalem temple. From the Mount of Olives the whole

view of Jerusalem and its temple could be seen. Bethphage was on the

west side of the Mount of Olives, and Bethany was at the southeast foot

of the Mount. Bethany was two miles from the city, and Bethphage was

still nearer.

Now Jesus was about to enter Jerusalem. But there was a problem: he

had no colt to ride on. How did he get a colt? Look at verses 29b-31.

"...he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, `Go to the village

ahead of you, and as you enter it, you will find a colt tied there,

which no one has ever ridden. Untie it and bring it here. If anyone

asks you, "Why are you untying it?" tell him, "The Lord needs it."'"

The disciples must have been greatly surprised at his command, because

Jesus did not see the colt, yet knew where it was. They were more

surprised, thinking that it was a kind of robbery, contrary to their

pride being disciples of Jesus. Jesus' command was too hard for them to

obey. But Jesus determined to teach his disciples the Lordship of

Christ. No one can claim another's property saying, "I need it."  But

Jesus can say, "I need it" (Jn 1:3).

The disciples were always argumentative. But this time the disciples

obeyed his command. Look at verses 32-34. "Those who were sent ahead

went and found it just as he had told them. As they were untying the

colt, its owners asked them, `Why are you untying the colt?' They

replied, 'The Lord needs it.'" Here we see that the disciples made a

firm determination to learn the Lordship of Christ. To learn the

Lordship of Christ, we must believe that the life in us is God's life

given to us for a certain time. We must believe that the U.S.A. and the

former U.S.S.R. are the possessions of God. Whenever our Lord wants to

use any of our possessions, we must give it to him, as the owner of the

colt did. Otherwise, life is too difficult to live, because it is too

precious to handle.

How did the owner of the colt react? Probably the colt was a very

dear friend to him.  His joy of life must have been to stroke the colt

on its back two or three times a day and make a smile, saying, "No one

could take the colt from me." But the two disciples had in their hearts

an absolute attitude toward their Master's words, "The Lord needs it,"

and everything proceeded favorably.  As they were untying the colt, its

owner asked them, "Why are you untying the colt?" (33) The two

disciples were caught in the very act of robbery. But the owner of

the colt said, "Okay. You have my permission. Take it." This event

teaches us how the Lordship of Christ works.

Fourth, blessed is the king (35-43).

Most of the time Jesus avoided public attention, but this time he

revealed himself before the waving crowd of people as their King,

making the triumphal entry into Jerusalem as was prophesied. What was

the people's response? Look at verse 35. "They brought it to Jesus,

threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it." This verse tells

us that the disciples acknowledged his Kingship and paid homage to him.

(36) Then the whole crowd of people frenziedly took off their cloaks

and spread them on the road when he came near the place where the road

goes down the Mount of Olives, and they praised God in loud voices.

Why did they praise God? Verse 37b says it was "for all the miracles

they had seen." They had seen beautiful Jesus, who went around all the

district of Galilee, healing the sick and preaching the kingdom of God.

They had seen Jesus who became eyes to the blind. In short, they

praised God because they had seen the true Messiah in Jesus. What was

the content of their praise? Look at verse 38. "'Blessed is the king

who comes in the name of the Lord!' 'Peace in heaven and glory in the

highest!'" To them, Jesus' entry into Jerusalem meant that the Messiah,

the King of salvation, was marching into Zion. To them, Jesus' entry

into Jerusalem was peace in heaven and glory in the highest. His entry

into Jerusalem was the revelation of God's glory, that is, God's saving

grace. (38)

Fifth, a house of prayer for all people (39-48).

How did the Pharisees respond to Jesus' coming into Zion? Look at

verse 39. "Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to Jesus, 'Teacher,

rebuke your disciples!'" At that time the Pharisees were the religious

leaders. From God's point of view they were supposed to be shepherds of

God's flock and Bible teachers and prayer servants, not only for his

suffering people, but also for all nations. But they became as

unfaithful as the tenants in the parable of the tenants. (20:9-19) They

rejected God as their King. They became political animals. They could

not see God's high purpose for them. They could not remember how much

God wanted to make Jerusalem the City of God, into which all peoples of

all nations could stream to study the Law of God.

What did Jesus say to them? "'I tell you,' he replied, 'if they keep

quiet, the stones will cry out.'"(40) His entry into the city, marching

into Zion, was the work of God prophesied long ago. His entry into

Jerusalem on a colt was glory to God and salvation and eternal life to

men. No one could stop this work of God. If men were silent, heaven and

nature would have cried out for his coming. Even the stones would have

cried out for his coming to Zion.  But the proud religious leaders

wanted to stop this work of God.

Look at verse 41. "As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he

wept over it." Why did Jesus weep? It was because the Holy City of God

had become the city of robbers.  God had wanted to make Jerusalem the

City of God, from which the Law of God would go out, and where people

of all nations could come and study the word of God. But the city was

full of Satan's political conspiracy. Jesus wept because he saw

horrible judgment impending upon them. Look at verses 43,44. "The days

will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against

you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. They will dash you

to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not

leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of

God's coming to you." This prophecy was carried out in AD 70 by the

Romans at the fall of Jerusalem. This is a picture of the future


When Jesus came to Jerusalem, first he entered the temple. It was

full of businessmen, selling and buying animals. On seeing them, Jesus

began to drive out those who were selling.  Jesus is humble. But he is

also the righteous King. Jesus drove them out because they made the

house of God a den of robbers. The temple was supposed to be a house of

prayer. Mark 11:17 says, "And as he taught them, he said, 'Is it not

written: "My house will be called a house of prayer for all nations"?

But you have made it "a den of robbers."'" Therefore, when we come to

church, we must pray for all nations. We must pray for the U.S.A., the

U.S.S.R., and all nations. But the religious leaders did not pray. Our

Lord Jesus is most sorry when people use a house of prayer as a house

of business. So Jesus drove them out, beating them with a whip of


In this passage, Jesus made his entry into Jerusalem in order to

obey the will of God for world salvation unto death, death on a cross.

We also learn that the lordship of Christ is our basic faith. Humanly

speaking, his entry into Jerusalem was a complete defeat. But when we

see it with spiritual eyes, Jesus' entry into Jerusalem is a triumphal

entry. For through it, Jesus showed us how to lose human battles and

win the kingdom of God.