Passage: Zechariah 7:1~14  
Keyverse: 9
Justice and Mercy, Not Fasting

In the fourth year of King Darius, the word of the Lord came to Zechariah on the fourth day of the ninth month, the month of Kislev. The people of Bethel had sent Sharezer and Regem-Melek, together with their men, to entreat the Lord by asking the priests of the house of the Lord Almighty and the prophets, “Should I mourn and fast in the fifth month, as I have done for so many years?”

Then the word of the Lord Almighty came to me: “Ask all the people of the land and the priests, ‘When you fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh months for the past seventy years, was it really for me that you fasted? And when you were eating and drinking, were you not just feasting for yourselves? Are these not the words the Lord proclaimed through the earlier prophets when Jerusalem and its surrounding towns were at rest and prosperous, and the Negev and the western foothills were settled?’”

And the word of the Lord came again to Zechariah: “This is what the Lord Almighty said: ‘Administer true justice; show mercy and compassion to one another. 10 Do not oppress the widow or the fatherless, the foreigner or the poor. Do not plot evil against each other.’

11 “But they refused to pay attention; stubbornly they turned their backs and covered their ears. 12 They made their hearts as hard as flint and would not listen to the law or to the words that the Lord Almighty had sent by his Spirit through the earlier prophets. So the Lord Almighty was very angry.

13 “‘When I called, they did not listen; so when they called, I would not listen,’ says the Lord Almighty. 14 ‘I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations, where they were strangers. The land they left behind them was so desolate that no one traveled through it. This is how they made the pleasant land desolate.’”

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Source:  BibleGateway
1. Can we stop fasting now? (1-7)

Temple construction resumed in the 2nd year of Darius and completed in the 6th year (Ez 6:15). Since the exile was over, the people had one question: 'Can we stop fasting and repenting now, as we’ve been doing for 70 years?' The LORD says, 'Was it really for me that you fasted?' He is looking for more than ritual sacrifices; God is looking at our hearts. His message has not changed: he wants true fasting.

2. True fasting (8-14)

Isaiah 58:1-5 exposed their hypocritical fasting. God’s word is the same (Mic 6:8; Isa 58:6): 'Administer true justice; show mercy and compassion to one another.' When they would not listen to God, he would not listen to their prayers. They, and we, should learn from history.

Prayer: Father, thank you for showing justice, mercy and compassion in Jesus’ life. Help me follow his example today. 
One Word: Show mercy and compassion